Women's empowerment means improving the social and economic status of women. So that he has equal opportunities for employment, education and economic development, so that he can achieve social freedom and progress. This is the best way to make the dream come trueEmpowerment of women in India. How can women realize their desires like men?
In simple terms, it is said that women's empowerment can be defined as the power of woman flowing through which to make all decisions affecting her life and well-being in the family and in society. Empowering women to realize their real rights in society is their empowerment.
There are several reasons for the need for women's empowerment in India. In the Middle Ages the honor level was fromIndian women refusedsignificantly compared to antiquity. In antiquity, the honor accorded to him in the Middle Ages began to wane.
- Socio-political rights (right to work, right to education, etc.) were totally restricted by male family members.
- In modern times, many Indian women hold many important political and administrative positions, but ordinary rural women are still forced to live in their homes and lack facilities such as general health and education services.
- Women's empowerment was necessary as India has had gender inequality and a male-dominated society since ancient times. Women have been pressured by their own families and society for various reasons and have been subjected to various forms of violence and discrimination in family and society, which can be seen not only in India but also in other countries.
- Another important reason for the need for women's empowerment in India is the wage gap. A study showed that women in India earn 20% less than men despite having the same experience and qualifications.
- Women in India are far behind men in India. The male literacy rate in India is 81.3% while the female literacy rate is only 60.6%.
- Our country is moving forward with great speed and enthusiasm, but we will only be able to keep it going if we are able to overcome gender inequality and ensure equal education, promotion and pay for women and men.
- Women in urban areas of India are more employable than women in rural areas. According to statistics, around 30% women work in software industry in Indian cities, around 90% women in rural areas mainly conduct agriculture and related activities by the daily wage in regions.
- Women are more open-minded and break social ties in order to gain their rights in all dimensions.
- Various constitutional and legal rights have been created and enforced by the government over the years to eliminate gender inequality and evil practices against women. However, solving such a big problem requires the continuous support of everyone, including women.
- Modern society is more aware of women's rights, so many self-help groups and NGOs etc are working in this direction.
- About 50% of India's population is made up exclusively of women, which means that half of this population is needed for the development of the entire country, which is not yet strong and subject to many social constraints. In such a situation, we cannot say that our country will develop in the future without strengthening half of our population.
- In Indian society, the female goddess is worshiped as mother, sister, daughter, wife to honor women but today it is just hypocrisy.
Some Laws Passed by Parliament to Promote Women's Empowerment (Women's Empowerment Acts of Parliament)
Some laws were also passed by Parliament to give women legal powers. Below are these laws:-
(i) Immoral Trading (Prevention) Act 1956
(ii) Dowry Prohibition Act 1961
(iii) Equal Pay Act of 1976
(iv) Medical Abortion Act 1987
(v) Gender Testing Techniques Act 1994
(vi) Child Marriage Prevention Act 2006
(vii) Sexual Exploitation of Women at Work Act 2013
PROBLEM FOR THE EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN IN INDIA
- social norms
Due to ancient and conservative ideologies, many areas of India are forbidden to leave their homeland. In these areas, women are not free to leave home to study or work. Women living in such an environment consider themselves inferior to men and cannot change their current social and economic status.
- Physical abuse in the workplace
Exploitation in the workplace is also a major obstacle to women's empowerment. The private sector, such as service companies, software industry, educational institutions and hospitals, is most affected by this problem. This creates more problems for women due to the dominance of male dominance in society. In recent times, harassment of women in the work environment has increased rapidly, increasing by around 170 percent over the past few decades.
- gender discrimination
Women in India are still discriminated against on the gender level. In many areas, women cannot even study and work. At the same time, they are not free to work independently or take on family disabilities, and they are always inferior to men in all tasks. This type of discrimination worsens the social and economic status of women and also has a negative impact on the goal of women's empowerment.
- Inequality in payments/salaries
Women in India are paid less than their male counterparts and the problem is worse in the disorganized sector, particularly in places with daily wages. Despite equal work, women are paid much less than men and this work shows a power gap between women and men. Women working in the organized sector are paid less than men, despite having the same experience and qualifications as men.
Issues such as female illiteracy and early school leaving are also major obstacles to women's empowerment. Although girls in urban areas are equal to boys in terms of education, in rural areas they lag far behind in this regard. The female literacy rate in India is 64.6 percent while the male literacy rate is 80.9 percent. Many rural girls who go to school also miss out on education, failing even to pass tenth grade.
- children's wedding
Although effective government decisions have drastically reduced the prevalence of child marriage in India over the past few decades, a 2018 UNICEF report said that India would still have about 1.5 million girls each year. Hm. Marriage is contracted before the age of 18, early development interrupts woman's development and she cannot mature physically and mentally.
- crimes against women
Serious crimes such as dowry, honor killings and human trafficking are seen along with much domestic violence against Indian women. However, it is quite bizarre that women in urban areas experience more criminal attacks than women in rural areas. Even working women only use public transport late at night for safety reasons. Empowerment of women in its truest sense can only be achieved when women are kept safe and free to enjoy themselves like men without fear.
- female fetus
The female fetus or gender-specific abortion is one of the major hurdles on the way to women's empowerment in India. Female feticide means gendered feticide, the female feticide being aborted without maternal consent. Because of female abortion, there has been a significant disparity in male-female ratios in states like Haryana, Jammu and Kashmir. These claims of empowering our women will not be fulfilled until we can eliminate the problem of the female fetus.
EMPOWERMENT PROGRAMS FOR WOMEN IN INDIA
The Indian government operates a number of programs to empower women. Various programs are run by the Ministry ofWellness for Women and Children Development and Government of Indiafor empowering Indian women. Some of these main schemes are mentioned below.
- Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Yojana
- The program was launched on January 22, 2015 in Panipat, Haryana with the aim of promoting girl survival, protection and education.
- The aim of this program is to raise awareness of the declining gender ratio of girls.
- The overall goal of this program is to prevent gender discrimination between boys and girls and to ensure the safety, education and acceptance of every girl.
- Scheme of Ujjwala
- The program was launched by Prime Minister Modi on May 1, 2016.
- Under this program, poor women receive free LPG gas connections.
- The main goal of the program is to promote women's self-determination and to protect their health.
- Through this program, the government aims to increase women's role in preserving the environment by promoting the use of LPG instead of fossil fuels used for cooking in rural areas.
- Support for the Training and Employment Program for Women (STEP)
- The program was started in 1986-87 as a core program.
- This program is administered by the Department of Women and Child Development.
- The main aim of the program is to make women worthy by developing their skills so that they can acquire the necessary skills to start their own business or become an entrepreneur.
- The main goal of this program is to develop the skills of girls/women aged 16 and over.
- Under this regulation, grants are not paid directly to the states/territories of the Union and not directly to the institution/organization or even to the NGO.
- Reservation for women in Panchayati Raj systems
- The women's reserve in Panchayati Raj institutions is a great example of how the reserve can be used as a tool to empower women.
- This will increase the number of female representatives in parliament and state parliaments. currently women make up only 11.6% in Lok Sabha and 11% in Rajya Sabha.
- Women's issues are given the highest priority in Parliament and are easy to resolve.
- This makes the environment of the legislature and state legislature more contentious and debated. It will help make useful.
- States like Bihar, Uttarakhand, Madhya Pradesh and Himachal Pradesh provide 50% reserve for women in Panchayati Raj Institutions (PRIs).
- The government is considering increasing the existing reserve of 33% for women in panchayats to 50%.
- Women Helpline Program
- If women are in trouble, call this number, it works nationwide
- The government released numbers to help women.
- The government released numbers to help women. A phone call can get help immediately.
- The women's hotline 1091/1090 is active nationwide.
- Additionally, women can call the National Commission for Women (NCW) at 0111-23219750.
- States have also issued helpline numbers at their level.
Given that India is now one of the fastest growing economies in the world, India needs to focus on achieving the goal of women's empowerment in the near future. It is very important that we change our old anti-women thinking and also change the constitutional and legal provisions.
Although many Indian women are presidents, prime ministers, civil servants, doctors, lawyers etc. In today's society, many women still need help and support. This work to empower women is very important as India's socio-economic advancement depends on the socio-economic advancement of its women. Empowerment empowers women, which helps them fight for their rights.
We should all respect women and give them a chance to advance. The 21st century is the century of the best opportunities in women's lives. Women are on the rise in all areas. Today's woman is awake and active.
Someone said something very good: "When a woman ruptures a fetus and starts having sexual intercourse with it, there is no power in the world that will stop her." Currently, women have started to break stereotypes. That's a nice sign. People's thinking is changing, but further efforts are needed in this direction.